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In this essay I examine Roche and Sober’s (R&S) thesis that explanation is evidentially irrelevant, clarify the nodal points of disagreement, and defend explanationism. To do this, I utilize William Lycan’s categories of explanationism (2002) and a distinction between per se explanatoriness and particular explanatoriness. These help show that e...

Confirmation and EvidenceContributed Papers

Dr.

PSA2022687

Confirmation and EvidencePoster

Replication of a finding is a sign – for some, the only sign – of scientific truth. Evidential discordance compromises truth, because discordance in scientific evidence means that a finding has not been reliably replicated. We distinguish between different types of evidential discordance, and single out persistent evidential discordance as a pa...

Confirmation and EvidenceContributed Papers

In this article I briefly introduce a Hybrid Theory of Induction (HTI) and illustrate the kind of work it can do for us. I do so by exploring a particular kind of causal inference in comparative group studies from the perspective of the HTI. I show how the HTI provides a useful common framework to understand ongoing debates, methodological guidance...

Confirmation and EvidenceContributed Papers

Mixed methods research - the combination of qualitative and quantitative data within the same research design to strengthen causal inference - is gaining prominence in the social sciences, but its benefits are contested. Social scientists and philosophers have sought to cash out the epistemic rationale of mixed-methods research but none of the avai...

Confirmation and EvidenceContributed Papers

Frank Cabrera argues that informational explanatory virtues—specifically, mechanism, precision, and explanatory scope—cannot be confirmational virtues, since hypotheses that possess them must have a lower probability than less virtuous, entailed hypotheses. We argue against Cabrera’s characterization of confirmational virtue and for an altern...

Confirmation and EvidenceContributed Papers

In 1945, Carl Hempel proposed a simple theory of confirmation that eventually came to be seen as unacceptably unsophisticated: it failed to incorporate the impact of epistemic context, of the "superempirical virtues" such as simplicity and explanatory elegance, and it was purely qualitative, determining when a piece of evidence supported a hypothes...

Confirmation and EvidenceContributed Papers

Philosophy of Astronomy / CosmologyPoster

Confirmation and EvidencePoster

Confirmation and EvidencePoster